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    Deep Dive into Magento 2 Overview and Features

    By Nemi Mangal | May 21, 2022

    Magento 2

    Magento 2 is developed by Varien Inc. It is a content management system (CMS). It is very useful for online business because it is open-source software. It is developed by using PHP and Zend framework. At the current time, Magento 2 is the largest E-commerce platform in the whole world. Customization and extended functionalities are very easy in Magento 2.

    Magento 2 Basic Overview
    magento 2 platform
    Magento was first released on 31 March 2007 under Vaien Inc by Roy Rubin and Yoav Kunter. It is the largest open-source e-commerce platform very useful for online business and it is the largest E-commerce platform in the world. The basic feature of Magento 2 is it is versatile, simple, and easy to use that helps to create a strategic ecommerce platform. It is the most used CMS in the world of its scalable and powerful architecture. E-commerce websites are automatically updated in Magento 2.

    Every small and large organization is using Magento 2 for a wide variety of projects. Because it offers rich features and an extensible codebase. We need to understand E-commerce for a better understanding of Magento 2. As we know it is a CMS and is used as the largest E-commerce platform to create online stores all around the world.

    E-commerce in Simple Term

    E-commerce stand for internet commerce and electronic commerce. It was first introduced through EDI and Van in 1960. It is a process of buying and selling products and services and data and money transfers online over the internet.

    There are many online stores or on demands apps you are using in your life like Amazon,Uber, Flipkart, Paytm, eBay, Shopify, etc. Using an e-commerce platform a product or service can be delivered over the internet.

    Categories of E-commerce:

    1. B2B (Business To Business)
    2. B2C (Business To Customer)
    3. C2C (Customer To Customer)
    4. C2B (Customer To Business)

    Why Choose Magento 2?

    1. It uses the latest technologies than Magento 1, like PHP which allows faster load time.

    2. 10 million page views can be handled in an hour.

    3. This is a multi-language and multi-store tool.

    4. It allows us to use all payment gateways over the internet like PayPal, Google checkouts, Braintree, etc.

    5. Searching and sorting of products can be done in different ways.

    6. Additional websites can be easily set up by using a catalog and variation of design.

    7. There are no limits in designing as it is open source you can design your store exactly as you want.

    8. WordPress is also an E-commerce platform but it cannot be used for developing a business website.

    Advantages and Disadvantages of Magento 2

    Magento 2 is an E-commerce user-friendly platform or online business. Every technology has some advantages and disadvantages. Let us study the advantages and disadvantages of this open source platform before using it. 

    Advantages of Magento 2

    1. Easy and quick creation of products and categories.
    2. Various themes and templates are available which allow Magento designers and store owners to customize the look and feel of the online store and even it can also optimize for smartphones.
    3. It is very simplified and offers an amazing admin interface.
    4. It is built according to the modern logic of development so it is developer-friendly. For developers, it is more efficient to work with.
    5. It has a Luma theme, which is very beautiful and easy to learn. Using this theme managing an online store takes less time.
    6. It enhances the productivity of creating products, customer data, and managing orders.

    Disadvantages of Magento 2

    1. All extensions of the previous version will not work with Magento 2.0. If you need to use these extensions in Magento 2 you need to purchase them.
    2. The Magento 2 enterprise edition is paid. if you want to use Magento 2 enterprise edition you need to pay for it.
    3. Because of its complexity development expertise is required.
    4. A theme “madison Island” of Magento 1 cannot be transferred to Magento 2 you need to build it from scratch.
    5. Small businesses find it expensive. The Magento 2 enterprise edition is expensive.

    Features of Magento 2

    The architecture of Magento 2

    Magento 2 is an open-source E-commerce platform for building online stores. It is useful for both big and small both kinds of organizations. Due to its flexible features and add to the previous version it has become the most popular E-commerce platform in the world. It offers many flexible tools like marketing, SEO, and catalog management more than its previous version that is Magento 1. It has many features like it is fast, reliable, and secure which offers improved performance and scalability. 

    There are many features that make Magento 2 so popular as an E-commerce platform. Let us study the different features:-

    1. Flexible and Open  Architecture: Magento 2 is very flexible It allows to bring the commerce vision to life. Advance API allows us to connect with abt third-party solutions and operations.
    2. Business Productivity: It offers a more reliable offer than the previous version and helps vendors and merchants to grow business and improve productivity. The latest version of Magento offers an advanced interface that helps us to manage tasks easily.
    3. Faster Load Time: Magento 2 can handle millions of pages in an hour which leads to faster load time.
    4. Secure Payment Gateways: Magneto has many intergraded payment gateway which is secure such as PayPal, authorize.net, google checkouts, etc. It allows the user to choose any preferred gateway.
    5. Migration Tool: There is a migration tool in Magento that allows migrating tools from version 1.9 to 2.0. This makes shop setting, categorizing, and catalog creating very easy. 

    The architecture of Magento 2

    features of magento 2

    Magento 1 and 2 both are different in architecture. The objective of Magento 2 architecture is to make the source code as extensive and modular as possible. The idea behind this thought is to make easier adaption and customization according to the project. Every logic and functionality is made in the form of modules so that each module can work as a standalone unit.

    The architecture of Magento 2 is MVVM (Model View View Model) architecture. It is related to the model view controller so that it provides separation between both the model and view layer. Let us understand the architecture of Magento 2:

    Model: The model holds the logic behind the business application and it depends on the related class-reference model to access the database. Just like the MVC, it is the description of the necessary data and logic of data management. It rever to the response from view. 

    View: It is the graphical user interface that is displayed on the screen for the user. It responds to the user’s request. It is a structure or layout which represents the data in a particular format. The responsibility of view is to specify what the data looks like. It changes the commands and property value given by View Model.

    View Model: A View Model communicates with the model layer and displays the necessary information to the view layer. It is handled by the module’s block classes of Magento 2. Remember that this is a part of the controller of the MVC system. In MVVM, the controller is just responsible for handling the user view. The View Model contains a model that can be converted to view and a command that is used to affect the model. 

    Layers of Magento 2

    Magento 2 is divided into 4 layers presentation layer, service layer, domain layer, and persistence layer. 

    1. Presentation Layer: It is the topmost layer of Magento 2 architecture. When we communicate with the interface of Magento we get connected to the presentation layer code. It has all the controller and elements for example – templet, block, layouts, css.js, etc. It calls the service layer by using service contracts. System admin and user are the users of this layer.
    2. Service Layer: It is the layer between the presentation and domain layer. It works as a bridge between presentation and domain layers and provides specific data. It implements the service contract defined by the PHP interface. This contract is used to add or change the business logic resource model without affecting the system. The service layer grants access to API.
    3. Domain Layer: The responsibility of the domain layer is to handle business logic. It does not have any resource or database-related information. It defines the object and models which contain business logic. This is basically the logic that describes which operation to perform on which specific data. It extracts data from the database using SQL calls.
    4. Presentation Layer: The resource model is described in the presentation layer, which is responsible for modification and extraction of data from the database by using CRUD requests. 

    Wrapping Up

    Magento is an excellent ecommerce platform for merchants worldwide. It is due to the wide range of features offered by this open source platform. Taking care of each and every client, from administrator to designers to clients, Magento 2 new elements has a pile of perfect, granular enhancements.

    WDP Technologies  offers our services to Hire Magento Developers on a full time or part-time basis depending upon your requirement.